Types and Severity of Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic brain injuries can affect the way your brain functions for the rest of your life. The brain is responsible for controlling emotions, senses, memory, breathing, and muscle control, as well as many other functions. We tend to take these actions for granted, but even a minor TBI can affect the way the signals of the brain work on these actions. The damage caused by a head injury depends on the type and severity of the TBI.
The severity of the TBI can be classified into three categories:
• Mild – Includes concussions and may not necessarily require medical treatment. However, any lasting damage may present itself weeks or months after the injury
• Moderate – Seriously affects mental skills, such as speech, learning, and more. Brain function is usually affected for a very long time
• Severe – Paralysis, loss of mental clarity, and family court dockets even death can occur with a severe brain injury
Types of TBI can be placed into two categories:
• Closed – the result of a blow to the head, which may cause a skull fracture, contusion or bruising at or beneath the point of impact, blood clots and hematomas, lacerations to the brain, and nerve damage
• Penetrating – the result of a foreign object entering the brain what are the two main types of cases? and causing specific damage to the part of the brain the object hits
Secondary brain damage can occur after a TBI. Some of the symptoms include:
• Fever
• Epilepsy
• Changes in diet
• Brain swelling
• Intracranial pressure
• Infection
• Anemia
• Changes in cardiac or lung function
• Changes in blood pressure (high or low)
• Changes in personality
A TBI can affect more than just the life of the victim. Family and friends will also see the devastation a brain injury can cause. Social interaction, finances, and more can suffer after a TBI.

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